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ONE IN EVERY 10 WOMEN has Polycystic Ovary Syndrome, a disorder that is the leading cause of female infertility.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is an extraordinarily prevalent lifelong disorder that many women don't know they have. It is noted that the exact cause of PCOS is unknown.
One of the most devastating effects of PCOS is its impact on fertility. Usually women with PCOS have low levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and high levels of androgens (male hormones), which can impact ovulation and make it difficult to conceive. Women with PCOS also have higher rates of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, and premature delivery. Additionally, it appears to run in some families, which suggests that there may be a genetic link in the pathogenesis of the condition.
Symptoms of PCOS
1. Irregular periods
2. Excess androgens – either measured in the blood or seen through symptoms such as acne or excess & coarse nature of hair growth, pigmentation & darkening of skin around nape of neck, under arms or under breasts.
3. Polycystic ovaries: Women suffering from PCOS may have cysts on their ovaries, which may hinder the regular functioning of their ovaries. This can be checked by Ultrasound Sonography.
4. Obesity: Obesity and PCOS are interlinked. According to one estimate, 40-80% of women suffering from this disorder are overweight or obese.
However, there is another association of Lean Bodymass with PCOS. Meaning that a lean person can also have PCOS.
The symptoms of PCOS can vary from woman to woman in their display and severity. Additional symptoms of PCOS can include, but are not limited to: irregular menstrual cycles and periods, weight fluctuations, acne, hirsutism (excess body hair), skin tags, absent or infrequent menstrual periods, hair loss at the scalp (Androgenic alopecia), dark skin patches, pelvic pain, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol and high triglycerides, high blood pressure, depression and/or anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, ovarian cysts, and infertility.
Early diagnosis of PCOS is important since it has been linked to an increased risk for developing several medical risks, including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and heart disease. It is impossible to diagnose PCOS with one test alone and symptoms vary from woman to woman.
Is PCOS Treatable?
There has not been an exact cause for PCOS but, early diagnosis and proper education can help women lower the risk factors and manage the symptoms associated with PCOS.
Lifestyle Modifications include, Diet and Exercise play a very crucial role in the management of PCOS, not only for weight loss and maintenance, but also to regulate insulin levels.
At Akanksha Hospital, we have treated many women suffering from this condition to fight Infertility and have their own genetic child without any further complication.
We run a “ PCO Clinic” at our hospital, which provides comprehensive care for all aspects of this condition like:
- Diet Management to control PCOS
- Laser Hair removal for excess & course hair growth
- Skin & Hair Analysis for acne & hirsutism
- Fertility Preservation & IVF Treatment
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